Enhanced reflow heater from OK International controls allow lead-free BGA rework
Mar 19, 2007
OK International has announced optimized heating for lead-free BGA rework, allowing users of the APR-5000-XLS Array Package Rework System to reflow lead-free BGAs without incurring excessive lid temperatures, re-melting soldered joints outside the rework area, warping of the PCB or distorting the plastic bodies of connectors such as RJ45s.
"Lead-free BGA rework requires new heating algorithms because peak reflow temperatures are close to the maximum lid temperature of 250Â°C-260Â°C recommended by IC vendors and the IPC," said Paul Wood, Market Development Manager for OK International. "The new software-controlled heating scheme allows operators to work within the narrow lead-free process window, and is easy to use requiring no additional training or setup time."
The APR-5000-XLS has a total of six convection heaters for underboard heating, as well as the upper nozzle for focused heating of the device undergoing rework. The revised heating algorithm now allows selected underboard nozzles to be used simultaneously with the upper heater to apply the desired reflow profile only in the area to be reworked. This saves operators setting excessive nozzle temperatures.
In the new algorithm, the six underboard heaters pre-heat the entire board to 190Â°C. The four outer heaters are then turned off, leaving just two underboard heaters directly beneath the rework site turned on. These operate in combination with the upper heater to reflow the array interconnects using much lower nozzle temperatures than conventional rework stations.
This combined heating from above and below the BGA device reduces the temperature gradient set up across the package. The peak temperature of the package can then be held below the IPC recommended maximum 260Â°C, as the array interconnects reach a suitable temperature to reflow.
OK International has received US patent approval for its dual zone convection preheater, which will deliver a fast and cost-effective solution for manufacturers seeking to improve productivity and yield when reworking double-sided, lead-free assemblies incorporating area array packages.